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5 Common Eye Conditions And How To Manage Them


As optometrists, we frequently come across patients who are dealing with various common eye conditions which can range from mild discomfort to severe vision loss. In this blog, we will discuss the five most common eye conditions and how to identify and manage them appropriately.

1.  Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, or Pink Eye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin layer of tissue that covers the white part of the eye. This condition causes redness and possible swelling, discharge and sensitivity to light. Conjunctivitis can be caused by an infection, dry eye or an allergy. It is best to see us to figure out the best treatment and prevention options which could include treatment with prescription eye drops. It is important to avoiding contact with others to prevent the spread of infection.

2.  Cataracts

Cataracts are a clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which can cause blurry vision, halos around lights, difficulty seeing in low light conditions and glare sensitivity. When cataracts become visually significant we are likely to recommend surgery to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with an artificial one. While this sounds serious, it is a good opportunity to re-engineer your prescription and reduce your reliance on glasses.

3.  Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry eye syndrome is common. It could be caused by your eyes not producing enough tears or the tears evaporating too quickly. This causes inflammation, discomfort, itching, burning and even blurred vision. To manage dry eye syndrome we recommend using Artificial Tears, though severe forms of dry eye may need prescription eye drops. In some cases we would recommend specialist interventions, plugs, IPL or other prescription medicines. See your optometrist for the best treatment option for your condition.

4.  Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve. If left untreated this can lead to vision loss. We recommend regular eye exams to detect and monitor the optic nerve, prescription eye drops to lower intraocular pressure, and in some cases, surgery to improve fluid drainage in the eye.

5.  Macular Degeneration

This is a condition that damages the macular, the part of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision. Macular degeneration leads to vision loss and difficulty with detail tasks such as reading and driving. We recommend regular eye exams to detect and monitor retinal health. Lifestyle changes, like a healthy diet and quitting smoking, are actions you can take to reduce your risk.

If you have any concerns, see your optometrist

In conclusion, to maintain optimal eye health remember, early detection and management are key to preserving your vision for a lifetime. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms mentioned above, we recommend scheduling an appointment with your optometrist as soon as possible. Our online booking system makes it easy for you to book with an optometrist of your choice at either Lower Hutt or Johnsonville.